The diagnosis of chronic pelvic pain may be a number of things, however the pain may sometimes be due to hard-to-detect varicose veins in the pelvic area, known as pelvic congestion syndrome.
A minimally invasive treatment for pelvic congestion syndrome is embolisation, which reduces blood flow to the enlarged veins by blocking vessels supplying these veins.
When Is This Procedure Conducted?
This procedure is recommended if you are suffering with symptoms such as pain in your lower abdomen or a feeling of heaviness in your bladder area.
How Does This Procedure Work?
The procedure reduces blood flow to the varicose veins, which relieves the symptoms of pelvic congestion syndrome.
The Interventional radiologist will guide a 2-3 mm catheter (tube) into the affected blood vessel using image guidance. The interventional radiologist will usually use coils or sclerosants (medicine injected into the blood vessels to make them shrink) to block the veins supplying the enlarged veins. This causes blood to be diverted away from the affected veins and so reduces the symptoms of pelvic congestion syndrome.
How Will I Feel After The Procedure?
You may experience some side effects after the procedure. The most common side effect is mild pain, which can be controlled by pain medication.You should be able to resume your normal activities within a week.
How Successful Is Pelvic Embolisation?
It is successfully performed in 95-100 percent of cases. A large percentage of women have improvement in their symptoms and between 85-95 percent of women are improved after the procedure
In addition to being less expensive to surgery and much less invasive, embolization offers a safe, effective, minimally invasive treatment option that restores patients to normal. The procedure is very commonly successful in blocking the abnormal blood flow. Although women are usually improved, the veins are never normal and in some cases other pelvic veins are also affected which may require further treatment.
Summary of Benefits of Pelvic Embolisation
- Has been shown to be a safe procedure
- Relieves symptoms of pain
- Highly effective way of blocking the vessel
- No surgical incision is needed – only a small nick in the skin – no stitches are required
- Embolisation is much less invasive than conventional open surgery, which results in fewer complications
- 85-95% of women find they have an improvement within 2 weeks of the procedure.
Learn more about the treatment at http://www.cirse.org/index.php?pid=1030